Investing in Early Childhood Education

Jimmy playing houseResearch strongly supports investment in early childhood education.

If you agree with this statement, you can add your name to the list of educators by clicking on this https://sites.google.com/site/ececonsensusletter/

As policymakers debate investing in quality early childhood education programs, they should note the widespread agreement among researchers about the value of such programs. An extensive body of research in education, developmental psychology, neuroscience, medicine and economics shows that quality early childhood education programs produce better education, health, economic and social outcomes for children, families, and the nation. As researchers, we urge policymakers to make decisions based on the full body of scientific knowledge about early education and child development. We provide this research summary to support and guide future investment in quality early childhood education programs.

Quality early childhood education can reduce the achievement gap. Too many American children start school inadequately prepared to succeed. Gaps in cognitive, linguistic, social, and emotional skills due to unequal opportunities become evident well before children enter kindergarten. The resulting achievement gap widens as children progress through school, despite strong efforts at remediation. The long-term consequences include high rates of school failure, grade repetition, inappropriate special education placements, and dropout; involvement in risky behaviors and crime; and, even higher risk for adult chronic disease including hypertension, heart disease, obesity and diabetes. These problems are not limited to the poor: many children who fail a grade and drop out are from middle-income families. The costs of remediation, social dependency, poor health, and lost productivity are very high to individuals and our nation.

Access to quality early childhood education is essential. The early learning programs and child care that many parents can afford are not of good enough quality to appreciably affect early disparities in development. Inequities in access to high-quality early education may actually make them worse. From actual observations of children’s experiences we know that much of the education and care provided in preschools, center-based
settings, and child care homes is not of sufficient quality to produce strong outcomes for children. Inadequate quality characterizes the preschool experiences of children from both middle-class and lower-income families.

Develop the whole child with quality programs. Physical and emotional health, early learning, and socialization are key elements of healthy development that must be addressed in quality early childhood education delivered by well-trained teachers using proven curricula. Children benefit most when teachers engage in interactions that stimulate learning while being emotionally nurturing. These interactions foster engagement in and enjoyment of learning. Critical to assuring quality are continuous improvement systems that support teachers in the implementation of evidence-based curricula focused on specific areas of learning and socio-emotional development. In-classroom coaching and mentoring is a successful approach to providing this support. In addition, salaries commensurate with comparably prepared K-12 colleagues could stem the flight of teachers away from early childhood education.

Quality programs include health and home. Evidence-based health and parent engagement activities contribute to greater success. Early screenings and follow up promote healthy cognitive, socio-emotional, and physical development. By modeling positive parent-child interaction and offering parents opportunities to practice with feedback, programs can augment the positive effects of preschool on child development and later education achievement.

Quality programs can be brought to scale. Large-scale public preschool programs have produced substantial impacts on children’s early learning. Recent analyses integrating evaluations of preschool programs find that children make substantive gains in cognitive abilities and later school success in preschool programs including Head Start and state/local pre-K programs. At-scale preschool systems including those in Tulsa, Boston, and New Jersey have produced even larger gains in language and math above and beyond comparison group children, many of whom were in other center-based programs. Benefits to children’s socio-emotional development and health have been documented in programs that focus intensively on these areas.

Quality programs produce quality life outcomes. Early childhood programs produce larger long-term impacts on life achievement than on IQ and achievement tests. Studies often find some convergence in test scores between children who did and did not attend preschool after children enter school. Despite the convergence on tests of achievement between children who receive quality early childhood education and those who do not, evidence points to important effects in other areas over time. Children who attended preschool show reductions in special education and grade retention. Evidence from long-term evaluations of both small-scale, intensive interventions and Head Start find long-term effects on important societal outcomes such as high-school graduation, years of education completed, earnings, and reduced crime and teen pregnancy, even after test-score effects become indistinguishable. Research is now underway focusing on why these long-term effects occur even when test scores during the school years converge.

Quality early childhood education benefits children from diverse family backgrounds and circumstances. Quality early learning can benefit middle-class children as well as disadvantaged children; typically developing children as well as children with special needs; and dual language learners as well as monolingual English speakers. Although early research focused only on programs for low-income children, more recent research indicates that middle-class children can benefit substantially and these benefits outweigh costs for children from middle-income as well as those from low-income families.

Investing in quality early childhood education pays off. Rigorous cost-benefit analyses show that the economic benefits of early childhood education outweigh the costs of providing access to quality programs. Available benefit-cost estimates based on older, intensive interventions, such as the Perry Preschool Program, as well as contemporary, large-scale public preschool programs, such as the Chicago Child-Parent Centers and Tulsa’s preschool program, find that their benefits far exceed the costs.

Critics of greater investment ignore the full body of evidence. Critics often cite data out of context, cherry-picking findings that highlight minimal effects within the larger findings of overall benefits. In addition, they claim the need to wait for larger-scale studies over many years to prove long-term effectiveness, knowing full well that such experiments are not possible without significant government investment and decades of research. Existing research findings are sufficient to warrant greater investment in quality programs now. Additional investments in research are essential and will be most productive if used to monitor quality and guide ongoing improvement of programs and systems.

This statement draws heavily upon a more detailed report on the scientific basis for preschool policy by: Yoshikawa, H., Weiland, C., Brooks-Gunn, J., Burchinal, M. R., Espinosa, L. M., Gormley, W. T., Ludwig, J., Magnuson, K., Phillips, D., & Zaslow, M. (2013). Investing in our future: The evidence base on preschool education. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Society for Research in Child Development and New York: Foundation for Child Development.

Quality data for preschool programs nationally from: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics 2012. Table 61. Percentage distribution of quality rating of child care arrangements of children at about 4 years of age, by type of arrangement and selected child and family characteristics: 2005-06.

Founding Signatories:
J. Lawrence Aber
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development
New York University

W. Steven Barnett
National Institute for Early Education Research
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Daphna Bassok
Curry School of Education
University of Virginia

William Beardslee
Harvard Medical School

David Berliner
Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education
Arizona State University

Karen Bierman
Department of Psychology
Penn State University

Clancy Blair
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development
New York University

Barbara Bowman
Erikson Institute

Pia Britto
Child Study Center
Yale School of Medicine

Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Teachers College & College of Physicians and Surgeons
Columbia University

Laurie Miller Brotman
Department of Population Health
NYU Langone Medical Center

Margaret Burchinal
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Douglas Clements
Graduate School of Education
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Linda Darling-Hammond
Graduate School of Education
Stanford University

Nell Duke
School of Education
University of Michigan

Greg Duncan
Department of Education
University of California, Irvine

Linda Espinosa
University of Missouri, Columbia

John Fantuzzo
Graduate School of Education
University of Pennsylvania

Philip Fisher
Department of Psychology
University of Oregon
Ellen C. Frede
Acelero Learning

Vivian Gadsden
Graduate School of Education
University of Pennsylvania

Eugene Garcia
Mary Lou Fulton College of Education
Arizona State University

Rochel Gelman
Center for Cognitive Science
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Elizabeth Gershoff
School of Human Ecology
University of Texas

William Gormley
McCourt School of Public Policy
Georgetown University

Robert Granger
Independent Consultant

Mark Greenberg
Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center
Penn State University

James J. Heckman
University of Chicago

Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek
Department of Psychology
Temple University

Aletha Huston
Department of Human Development and Family Sciences
University of Texas at Austin

Jacqueline Jones
Incoming President
Foundation for Child Development

Stephanie Jones
Graduate School of Education
Harvard University

Laura Justice
College of Education and Human Ecology
The Ohio State University

Joan Lombardi

Sharon Lynn Kagan
Teachers College
Columbia University

David Kirp
Goldman School of Public Policy
University of California, Berkeley

Michael Lopez
Abt Associates

Katherine Magnuson
School of Social Work
University of Wisconsin – Madison

Kathleen McCartney
Smith College

Christine McWayne
Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development
Tufts University

Alan Mendelsohn
Department of Pediatrics
NYU Langone Medical Center
Pamela Morris
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development
New York University

Susan B. Neuman
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development
New York University

Deborah Phillips
Department of Psychology
Georgetown University

Cybele Raver
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development
New York University

Craig Ramey
Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute

Irwin Redlener
National Center for Disaster Preparedness
Columbia University

Arthur Reynolds
Institute of Child Development
University of Minnesota

Julie Sarama
Graduate School of Education
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Jeffrey Sachs
Earth Institute
Columbia University

Larry Schweinhart

Jack P. Shonkoff
Center on the Developing Child
Harvard University

Catherine Snow
Graduate School of Education
Harvard University

Deborah Stipek
Graduate School of Education
Stanford University

Ruby Takanishi
New America Foundation

Deborah Vandell
Department of Education
University of California, Irvine

Shannon Wanless
School of Education
University of Pittsburgh

Christina Weiland
School of Education
University of Michigan

Marcy Whitebook
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
University of California, Berkeley

Hirokazu Yoshikawa
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development
New York University

Martha Zaslow
Signatories By State:
Alabama

Annette Mohan, Assistant Professor

Scott Snyder, Center Director and Associate Professor, Center for Educational Accountability, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Cora Causey, Instructor of Early Childhood/Elementary Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Lois Christensen, Professor, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Kay Emfinger, PhD, Program Director, Early Childhood and Elementary Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham

James M. Ernest, Associate Professor, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Joe Adams, Research Coordinator

Alaska

Carie Green, Assistant Professor, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Wei Hsiao, Associate Professor Early Childhood Education, University of Alaska at Anchorage

Karen Roth, Early Childhood Program Chair, University of Alaska at Anchorage

Hattie Harvey, Assistant Professor, University of Alaska at Anchorage

Erin Kinavey Wennerstrom, Assistant Professor, Early Childhood Special Education, University of Alaska at Anchorage

Maureen Hogan, Associate Professor

Arizona

Kathryn Chapman, Research Associate, Arizona State University

Michael Kelley, Associate Professor of Early Childhood, Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College, Arizona State University

Sungok Park, Assistant Clinical Professor, Northern Arizona University

David Berliner, Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education, Arizona State University

Eugene Garcia, Mary Lou Fulton College of Education, Arizona State University
Gustavo Fischman, Professor, Arizona State University

Chris Herbst, Associate Professor, Arizona State University

Flora Farago, Graduate Student, Arizona State University

Carl Hermanns, Clinical Associate Professor, Arizona State University

Lucia Ciciolla, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Psychology Arizona State University

Jeanne Wilcox, Professor, Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College, Arizona State University

Karen W. Burstein, Senior Scientist, Southwest Institute for Families and Children

David Yaden, Professor, University of Arizona

Melissa Barnett, Assistant Professor, University of Arizona

Eva Marie Shivers, Director, Institute for Child Development Research & Social Change, Indigo Cultural Center

Arkansas

Sara McCormick Davis, Professor, University of Arkansas Fort Smith

Brenda Leger, Chief Academic Office, Kaplan Early Learning

John Burgin, Early Childhood Program Coordinator, University of Arkansas at Little Rock

California

Linda Darling-Hammond, Graduate School of Education, Stanford University

Greg Duncan, Department of Education, University of California, Irvine

David Kirp, Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley

Deborah Stipek, Graduate School of Education, Stanford University

Deborah Vandell, Department of Education, University of California, Irvine

Marcy Whitebook, Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California, Berkeley

Faraz Farzin, Developmental Psychologist, Lumos Labs, Inc.

Alison Wishard Guerra, Associate Professor, UC San Diego

Lia Fernald, Professor, School of Public Health, UC Berkeley

Anthony Henry, Professor of Child Development, Mt. San Antonio College

Julie Nicholson, Associate Professor of Practice, Mills College

Sue Martin, Professor, San Diego City College

Peter Mangione, Co-Director, Center for Child & Family Studies at WestEd
Ida Rose Florez, Senior Project Director, Center for Child & Family Studies at WestEd

Laura Sakai, Senior Researcher, Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California at Berkeley

Claudia G. Pineda, Assistant Professor, Child and Adolescent Studies Department, Cal. State University, Fullerton

Rashmita Mistry, Associate Professor, Department of Education, University of California at Los Angeles

JoAnn Farver, Professor & Chair, Department of Psychology University of Southern California

Nastassia Hajal, Postdoctoral Scholar, Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, University of California,
Los Angeles

Sean F. Reardon, Professor, Stanford Graduate School of Education

Claude Goldenberg, Professor, Stanford University

Jelena Obradovic, Assistant Professor, Stanford University

Gary Orfield, Professor, University of California, Los Angeles

Catherine Coddington, Ph.D. Candidate, University of California, Los Angeles

Jennie Grammer, Assistant Professor, University of California, Los Angeles

Carola Suarez-Orozco, Professor, University of California, Los Angeles

Karla Rivera-Torres, Graduate Student, University of California, Los Angeles

Sami Klebanoff, Doctoral Student, University of California, Los Angeles

Rachel Zwass, Teaching Assistant, Graduate Student Researcher, M.A., University of California, Los Angeles

Ximena Dominguez, Senior Research Scientist, SRI International

Marcelo Suarez-Orozco, Dean, UCLA Graduate School of Education and Information Studies

John Piacentini, Professor, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior

Carollee Howes, Professor, University of California at Los Angeles

Amanda Guyer, Associate Professor, University of California Davis

Dianne Thompson, Program Coordinator, Associate Instructor, University of California, Davis

Jade Marcus Jenkins, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of California, Irvine

Anne Blackstock-Bernstein, PhD student, University of California, Los Angeles

Katherine M. Griffin, PhD Student, University of California, Los Angeles

Dean Coffey, Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, University of Southern California

Sandy Baba, Director of Curriculum and Professional Development, Institute for Human and Social Development

Maria Rosales-Rueda, Assistant Professor, University of California, Irvine

Cheryl Williams-Jackson, Professor

Grace Yiching, Professor, Santa Monica College

Chiara Bacigalupa, Associate Professor, Sonomma State University

Margaret Bridges, Senior Research Scientist, IHD, UC Berkeley

Rosa Valdes, Director of Research and Evaluation, LAUP

Boukje Eerkens, Psychologist (Early Childhood)

Sarah Garrity, Assistant Professor, San Diego State University

Sascha Longstreth, Assistant Professor, San Diego State University

Claudia G. Pineda, Assistant Professor, Child & Adolescent Studies Dept., California State University, Fullerton
Tauheedah Karim, CDS, Head Start

Susan Bourrillion, Teacher

Ollia Yenikomshian, Program Coordinator, Children’s Center at Stanford

Kathleen Hebbeler, Program Manager, SRI International

Paula Swearingen, Educator, Los Angeles Southwest Community College

Sydney Gurewitz Clemens, Author and Consultant, Former Faculty

Elizabeth Memel, Instructor, Resources for Infant Educarers

Faraz Farzin, Developmental Psychologist

Sandra Estes, Educator

Sydney Gurewitz Clemens Author, former Instructor

Sally Large, Executive Director, Friends of St. Francis Childcare Center, Inc.

Kelly Campbell, Graduate Student Researcher, UC Berkeley

Helen M. Davis, Program Director, University of California, Los Angeles

Barbara Conboy, Associate Professor

Colorado

Toni Linder, Professor Emeritus, University of Denver

Andrew Brodsky, President, Brodsky Research and Consulting

William Mathis, Managing Director, National Education Policy Center

Ed Wiley, Senior Manager, Seagate Technology

Kevin Welner, Professor, University of Colorado Boulder

William R. Penuel, Professor, University of Colorado Boulder

Kathy Escamilla, Professor, University of Colorado, Boulder

Alex Molnar, Research Professor, University of Colorado–Boulder

Sarah Enos Watamura, Associate Professor, University of Denver

Mary Khetani, Assistant Professor, Colorado State University

Cara Koch, Public Policy Director, American Association of University Women, Colorado Springs Branch

Sheridan Green, Senior Director of Research, Institute at Clayton Early Learning

Connecticut

Tina Pascoe, Co-Founder NFDC

Jane Goldman, Associate Professor Emeritus, University of Connecticut

Carla Horwitz, Lecturer, Yale University Child Study Center

Anne Mead, Researcher

Peter Behuniak, Professor in Residence, University of Connecticut

Pia Britto, Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine

Joanna Meyer, Research Associate, Yale School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry

Amanda Berhenke, Assistant Professor of Education and Psychology, Albertus Magnus College

Casey Cobb, Associate Dean & Professor, University of Connecticut

Chin Reyes, Associate Research Scientist, Zigler Center in Child Development & Social Policy, Yale University

Clare Irwin, Research Associate, EDC

Karen L. List, Project Director PreK-3rd Grade Leadership Program, University of Connecticut

Harriet Feldlaufer

Andrea Brinnel, Early Childhood Specialist, CT Office of Early Childhood

Heidi Szobota, Director, Housatonic Community College

Kristen Koenig, Owner and Teacher of Preschools, Small to Tall Preschools

Darlene Zimmerman, Researcher

JoAnn Robinson, Professor, University of Connecticut

Delaware

Roberta M. Golinkoff, Unidel H. Rodney Sharp Professor, University of Delaware

Charles MacArthur, Professor, University of Delaware

Allison Karpyn, Associate Director, Center for Research in Education and Social Policy, University of Delaware

Myae Han, Professor, University of Delaware

Mary Dozier, Professor, University of Delaware

Jason Hustedt, Assistant Professor, University of Delaware

Staci Perlman, Assistant Professor, University of Delaware

Devona Williams, President/CEO, Goeins-Williams Associates, Inc.

Florida

Barbara Becraft, Professor

Michael Brady, Professor and Department Chair, Florida Atlantic University

Nancy Brown, Associate Professor of Early Childhood Education, Florida Atlantic University

Linda Stiles, Speech and Language Pathologist, Department of Children Youth and Families

Kristen Kemple, Professor, University of Florida

Rebecca Bulotsky Shearer, Associate Professor, University of Miami

Lucia Walsh, Graduate Student, University of Miami

Ilene Berson, Professor, University of South Florida

Lise Fox, Professor, University of South Florida

Pamela Hollingsworth, Senior Vice President of Program Development, Early Learning Coaltion of Miami-Dade/Monroe

Christine Hughes, Director of Research, Evaluation & Assessment, Early Learning Coalition of Miami-Dade/Monroe

Wil Blechman, Vice Chair, The Children’s Forum

Padma Rajan, Vice President of Programs, Research and Evaluation, Early Learning Coalition of Duval

E.D. Brown, Professor, St. Saviour Foundation

Ada Cuevas, Director, Early Learning is The Answer School

Cindy McConnell, Director, First Discoveries

Georgia

Deb Marciano, Associate Professor, Valdosta State University

Bonney Reed-Knight, Postdoctoral Fellow, Emory University

Yanghee Kim, Associate Professor, Kennesaw State University

Elizabeth DeBry, Professor, University of Georgia

Anne Shaffer, Associate Professor, University of Georgia

Kacy Welsh, Senior Lecturer

Stacey Neuharth-Pritchett, Professor, The University of Georgia

Hawaii

Leah Muccio, Assistant Professor

Michael Hamilton, Pediatrician, Hawaii Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics

Idaho

Deb Carter, Professor, Boise State

Esther Ntuli, Assistant Professor, Idaho State University

Illinois

Barbara Bowman, Erikson Institute

James J. Heckman, University of Chicago

Joan Lombardi

Laurie Jeans, Assistant Professor

Julie Spielberger, Research Fellow, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Daniel Berry, Assistant Professor, College of Education, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Christopher Lubienski, Professor, Department of Education Policy, University of Illinois

Christine Li-Grining, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Loyola University Chicago

Marie Masterson, School of Education, Dominican University

Tracy Moran, Assistant Professor, Erikson Institute

Luisiana Melendez, Associate Clinical Professor, Erikson Institute

Tonya Bibbs, Assistant Professor, Erikson Institute

Geoffrey Nagle, President, Erikson Institute

Jon Korfmacher, Associate Professor, Erikson Institute

Jie-Qi Chen, Professor, Erikson Institute

Pamela Epley, Assistant Clinical Professor, Erikson Institute

Marc Atkins, Professor and Director, Institute for Juvenile Research, University of Illinois at Chicago

Terri Sabol, Assistant Professor, Northwestern University

P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Frances Willard Professor of Human Development and Social Policy, Northwestern University

Penelope Peterson, Professor and Dean, Northwestern University

Sandra Waxman, Professor, Northwestern University, Institute for Policy Research and Department of Psychology

Margery Wallen, Director, Policy Partnerships, Ounce of Prevention Fund

Julia Henly, Associate Professor, University of Chicago

Dana Suskind, Professor, Surgery and Pediatrics, University of Chicago

Kate Zinsser, Assistant Professor of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago

Timothy Shanahan, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of Illinois at Chicago

William Trent, Professor, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Kristen L. Bub, Associate Professor, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Brooke Fisher, Research Program Associate, Illinois

Katharine Ryan, Professor, University of Illinois

Rodrigo Pinto, Professor, University of Chicago

Sebastian Gallegos, PhD Research Fellow, University of Chicago

Maria Josefina Vargas, Early Childhood Education Department Chairperson & Assistant Professor, St. Augustine College

Chip Donohue, Dean of Distance Learning, Erikson Insitute

Maria Kontoudakis, Student, Erikson Institute

Chris Young, Postdoctoral Researcher

Diana Rosenbrock, Professional Development Coordinator, Collaboration for Early Childhood

Debbie Mager, Teacher

Brian Bannon, Commissioner, Chicago Public Library

Linda Feil, ECE Training Coordinator

Patrice Thomas, ECSE Teacher/Case Manager, Chicago Public Schools

Candace Chambers, Clinical Provider

Judi Gibian-Mennenga, Adjunct Professor, Dominican University

Debora Pletzke, Professor, Concordia Chicago

Hendricks Brown, Professor, Northwestern University

Indiana

Kelly Donahue, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine

Douglas R. Powell, Distinguished Professor, Purdue University

James Elicker, Associate Professor, Purdue University

Jennifer Dobbs-Oates, Clinical Assistant Professor, Purdue University

Mary Jane Eisenhauer, Associate Professor, Purdue University North Central

Linda Taylor, Assistant Professor, Ball State University

Iowa

Charles Bruner, Executive Director, Child and Family Policy Center

Larissa Samuelson, Professor, DeLTA Center, University of Iowa

Carla Peterson, Professor, Iowa State University

Jessica Pleuss, Assistant Professor, Morningside College

Megan Foley Nicpon, Associate Professor, The University of Iowa

John Spencer, Professor, University of Iowa

Nathaniel Klooster, Graduate Student Research Assistant, University of Iowa

Susan Wagner Cook, Assistant Professor, University of Iowa

Betty Zan, Associate Professor, University of Northern Iowa

Susan Maude, Associate Professor, Iowa State University

Kentucky

Jill Jacobi-Vessels, Assistant Professor, University of Louisville

Malcolm Robinson, Professor, Thomas More College

Louisiana

Teresa K. Buchanan, Associate Professor, Louisiana State University

Angela Keyes, Associate Professor/Co-Project Director Quality Start Child Care Rating and Improvement System,
Tulane University

Sherryl Scott Heller, Director, Fussy Baby Network New Orleans and Gulf Coast, Tulane University

Charles H. Zeanah, Jr., Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, Tulane University School of Medicine

Maine

Charles Dorn, Associate Professor of Education & Chair, Bowdoin College

Julie Dellamattera, Associate Professor, The University of Maine

Linda Labas, Early Childhood, University of Maine Center for Community Inclusion & Disability Studies

Susan Mackey Andrews, Director/Consultant, Maine Resilience Building Network

Maryland

Martha Zaslow

Kathryn Van Eck, Leadership in Education for Adolescent Health (LEAH) Fellow, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics

Kristin Voegtline, Postdoctoral Fellow, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

Sarika S. Gupta, Assistant Professor, Johns Hopkins University

Nathan Fox, Professor, University of Maryland

Brenda Jones Harden, Associate Professor, University of Maryland

Christy Tirrell-Corbin, Director, Early Childhood Education, University of Maryland

Natalie Slopen, Assistant Professor, University of Maryland College Park

Natasha Cabrera, Professor

Heather Walter, Ed.S Candidate, The George Washington University

Kristine Calo, Assistant Professor, Johns Hopkins University

Elisa Klein, Associate Professor, University of Maryland College Park

Christine Alexander, Project Manager/Instructor, Johns Hopkins University School of Education, Center for Technology in Education

Sue Bredekamp

Donna Satterlee, Assistant Professor, University of Maryland Eastern Shore

Massachusetts

Kimberly Lucas, PhD Student, Brandeis University

William Beardslee, Harvard Medical School

Stephanie Jones, Graduate School of Education, Harvard University

Michael Lopez, Abt Associates

Kathleen McCartney, Smith College

Christine McWayne, Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development, Tufts University

Jack P. Shonkoff, Center on the Developing Child, Harvard University

Catherine Snow, Graduate School of Education, Harvard University

Elizabeth A. Gilbert, Early Educaiton Program Director, University of Massachsuetts at Amherst

Jody Figuerido, President, The Institute for Education and PD, Inc.

Randal Rucker, Chief Executive Officer, Family Service of Greater Boston

Deborah Abelman, Early Childhood Education Supervisor, Family Service of Greater Boston
Nancy Toso, Director of Training and Program Development, COMPASS for Kids

Todd Grindal, Associate, Abt Associates, Inc.

Catherine Darrow, Associate, Abt Associates, Inc.

Penny Hauser-Cram, Professor, Boston College

Mariela Paez, Associate Professor, Boston College

Kyle DeMeo Cook, Graduate Student Research Assistant, Boston College

Jacqueline Prince Sims, Graduate Student Research Assistant, Boston College

Dana Thomson, Graduate Research Assistant, Boston College

Amanda Tarullo, Assistant Professor, Boston University

Catherine Caldwell-Harris, Associate Professor, Boston University

Pamela Joshi, Senior Scientist, Brandeis University

Lindsay Fallon, Assistant Professor, Bridgewater State University

MaryCatherine Arbour, Associate Physician for Research, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard University

Barbara Beatty, Professor, Department of Education, Wellesley College

Tama Leventhal, Associate Professor, Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development,
Tufts University

Paul L. Harris, Victor S. Thomas Professor of Education, Graduate School of Education, Harvard University

David Takeuchi, Professor and Associate Dean for Research, Graduate School of Social Work, Boston College

Richard Weissbourd, Senior Lecturer, Harvard Graduate School of Education

Soojin Oh, Doctoral Student, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Center on the Develolping Child

Charles Nelson, Professor, Harvard Medical School

Margaret Sheridan, Assistant Professor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School

Günther Fink, Associate Professor, Harvard School of Public Health

Dana Charles McCoy, Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University

Brenda Phillips, Research Associate, Harvard University

Jocelyn Bonnes Bowne, Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University

Nancy Carlsson-Paige, Professor Emerita, Lesley University

Charles Homer, Chief Executive Officer, National Institute for Children’s Health Quality

Donald Wertlieb, Professor emeritus Tufts University, Partnership for Early Childhood Development & Disability Rights

Claire E. Hamilton, Chair, Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, UMass/Amherst

David Henry Feldman, Professor and Chair, Tufts University

Rachel Chazan Cohen, Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts, Boston

Brenda K. Bushouse, Professor, University of Massachusetts

Sally Galman, Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Nancy Folbre, Professor emerita, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Lisa Scott, Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Darrell Earnest, Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Ysaaca Axelrod, Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Laura Valdiviezo, Professor, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Nancy M Marshall, Senior Research Scientist, WCW, Wellesley College

Joanne Roberts, Senior Research Scientist, Wellesley College Centers for Women

Nina Aronoff, Associate Professor, Wheelock College

Diane Levin, Professor, Wheelock College

Catherine Donahue, Associate Professor, Wheelock College

Dr. Ellie Friedland, Associate Professor Early Childhood Education, Wheelock College

Eleonora Villegas-Reimers, Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston

William R. Beardslee, MD, Psychiatrist; Senior Researcher

Carolyn Layzer, Senior Associate

Joshua D. Sparrow, MD, Director, Strategy, Planning and Program Development, Brazelton Touchpoints Center & Associate Clinical Professor, Harvard Medical School

T. Berry Brazelton, MD, Founder, Brazelton Touchpoints Center & Professor Emeritus, Harvard Medical School

Margaret Hannah, Executive Director, Freedman Center for Child and Family Development

Vicki Bartolini, Professor of Education, Wheaton College

Jana Kook, Research Associate, Education Development Center

Jess Gropen, Senior Cognitive Scientist, Education Development Center

Jacqueline Bourassa, Research Alliance Facilitator, Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast and the Islands

Laura Valdiviezo, Professor

Nathanial Lurie, Research Analyst, Zero5

Diane Schilder, Senior Research Scientist, CEELO

Cecile Tousignant, ECE Consultant, Child Tools Consulting

Teresa Gonczy, Graduate Student, Harvard University

Rosalind Mann, Administrator, Metro North Children’s Learning Center

John Lippitt, Adjunct Professor, Tufts University & University of Massachusetts, Boston

Betty Bardige, Author and Consultant, A Wealth of Words

Lillian Renaud, Early Childhood Director, MetroWest YMCA

Amanda Wiehe, Professor

Michigan

Nell Duke, School of Education, University of Michigan

Larry Schweinhart

Christina Weiland, School of Education, University of Michigan

Krystyna Nowak-Fabrykowski, Professor of Early Childhood Education, Central Michigan University

Mary Trepanier-Street, Professor Emeritus, University of Michigan at Dearborn

Nichole Paradis, Endorsement Director, Alliance for the Advancement of Infant Mental Health

Laura Scharphorn, Research Associate, Center for Early Education Evaluation at HighScope

Nicole Talge, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University

Cortney Bamberger, Graduate Student, Eastern Michigan University

Cheryl Polk, President, HighScope Educational Research Foundation

Kristin Rispoli, Assistant Professor, Michigan State University

Ryan P. Bowles, Associate Professor, Michigan State University

Aviva Dorfman, Associate Professor, School of Education and Human Services, University of Michigan-Flint

Frederick Morrison, Professor, University of Michigan

Timothy Bartik, Senior Economist, Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Carolyn Dayton, Assistant Professor & Associate Director, IMH Program, Wayne State University

Regena Nelson, Professor, Western Michigan University

Kanishka Misra, Assistant Professor

Leslie Griffith, Early Childhood Mental Health Therapist

Nancy Surbrook, Training and Technical Assistance Manager

Janie Ashcraft Winn, Educator

Rebecca Stoessner, Adjunct Faculty, Lansing Community College

Minnesota

Arthur Reynolds, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota

Sharon Berry, Director of Training, Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of MN

Richard Lee, Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota

Judy Temple, Associate Professor, Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota

Arthur J.Rolnick, Senior Fellow, Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota

Stephanie Carlson, Professor, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota

Elizabeth Seebach, Associate Professor, Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota

Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Associate Professor, University of Minnesota

Sammy Perone, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Minnesota

Aaron Sojourner, Assistant Professor, University of Minnesota Carlson School of Management

Emily McTate, Post-doctoral Fellow, Instructor in Psychology

Scott McConnell, Professor, University of Minnesota

Amy Susman-Stillman, Director, Center for Early Education and Development, University of Minnesota

Mississippi

Beverly Alford, Assistant Professor of Early Childhood Education, University of Mississippi

Carey Bernini Dowling, Instructional Assistant Professor, University of Mississippi

Missouri

Linda Espinosa, University of Missouri, Columbia

Sarah Huisman, Associate Professor and Director of Early Childhood Program, Fontbonne University

Susan Claflin, Associate Professor, Missouri Western State University

Bruce Biddle, Professor Emeritus, University of Missouri

Michael Amlung, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Missouri

Kathy Thornburg, Researcher

Montana

Julie Bullard, Professor, University of Montana Western

Mary Bolick, Director

Nebraska

Lisa Knoche, Research Associate Professor, Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families and Schools

Susan Sheridan, Professor and Director, Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families and Schools/University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Brandy Clarke, Research Assistant Professor, The Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families and Schools at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Victoria Molfese, Professor, University of Nebraska – Lincoln

Juan Casas, Professor, University of Nebraska at Omaha

Kathleen Rudasill, Associate Professor, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

New Hampshire

Patricia Cantor, Professor, Plymouth State University

Eun Kyeong Cho, Associate Professor, University of New Hampshire

Leslie Couse, Associate Professor, University of New Hampshire

Lisa Ranfos, Assistant Clinical Professor, University of New Hampshire

Leslie J. Couse, Associate Professor, University of New Hampshire

Betsy Humphreys, Research Assistant Professor, Institute on Disability/University of New Hampshire

New Jersey

W. Steven Barnett, Director, National Institute for Early Education Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Ellen C. Frede, Acelero Learning

Marie Ellen Larcada, ECE Editor, Retired, Teachers College Press

Rochel Gelman, Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Jim Squires, Senior Research Fellow, National Institute for Early Education Research at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Kimberly Brenneman, Director, Early Childhood STEM Lab, National Institute for Early Education Research at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Shannon Riley-Ayers, Assistant Research Professor, National Institute for Early Education Research at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Alissa Lange, Assistant Research Professor, National Institute for Early Education Research at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Milagros Nores, Researcher, National Institute for Early Education Research at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Marta Tienda, Professor, Princeton University

Janet Currie, Professor, Princeton University

Lorenzo Moreno, Visiting Lecturer in Public Affairs, Princton University

Susan Golbeck, Associate Professor, Rutgers University

Stephanie M. Curenton, Professor, Rutgers University

Catherine Lugg, Professor, Rutgers University

Lori Connors-Tadros, Project Director, Rutgers University

Alisa Belzer, Associate Professor, Rutgers University

Dorothy Strickland, Professor Emerita, Rutgers University

Sharon Ryan, Professor of Early Childhood Education, Rutgers University

Beth Rubin, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, Graduate School of Education

Jennifer Austin, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, Newark

Michael Bzdak, Adjunct Professor, Rutgers University

Zeynep Isik-Ercan, Associate Professor and Coordinator of Early Childhood Education, Rowan University

Linda Stork

Grace Ibanez Friedman, Retired Associate Professor, St. John’s University

Kerry de Voogd, Program Director, STEM Academy for Young Kids

Barbara Hochberg

Kirsty Clarke Brown, Researcher, National Institute for Early Education Research at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

New Mexico

Betsy Cahill, Associate Professor, New Mexico State University

Jennifer Benson, Clinical Psychology PhD student, University of New Mexico

Linda Goetze, Senior Researcher, University of New Mexico Center for Education Policy Research

New York

J. Lawrence Aber, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Clancy Blair, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Teachers College & College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University

Laurie Miller Brotman, Department of Population Health, NYU Langone Medical Center

Douglas Clements, Graduate School of Education, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Jacqueline Jones, Incoming President, Foundation for Child Development

Sharon Lynn Kagan, Teachers College, Columbia University

Alan Mendelsohn, Department of Pediatrics, NYU Langone Medical Center

Pamela Morris, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Susan B. Neuman, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Cybele Raver, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Irwin Redlener, National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Columbia University

Julie Sarama, Graduate School of Education, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Jeffrey Sachs, Earth Institute, Columbia University

Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Nancy Gropper, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs

Helen Freidus, Professor, Bank Street College

Sheldon Shaeffer, Former Director, UNESCO Asia-Pacific Regional Bureau for Education

Andrew Ratner, Professor, City College of New York

Karen Gregory, Lecturer, City College of New York

Shael Polakow-Suransky, President, Bank Street College of Education

Eileen Mahoney, Associate Professor, Hudson Valley Community College

Ann Fantauzzi, Education Consultant/Researcher, Albany Health Management Associates

Jim Hoot, Professor, SUNY at Buffalo
Lisa McCabe, Research Associate, Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research, Cornell University

Tatyana Kleyn, Associate Professor, City College of New York

Sherry M. Cleary, Executive Director, City University of New York

Kimberly Noble, Assistant Professor, Columbia University

Llenell Paz, Researcher, Columbia University / Pace University

R. Gabriela Barajas-Gonzalez, Assistant Research Professor, Department of Population Health, NYU Langone
Medical Center

Spring Dawson-McClure, Research Assistant Professor, Department of Population Health, NYU Langone Medical Center

Toni Porter, Principal, Early Care Amanda Education Consulting

Deborah Rosenfeld, Research Associate, Education Development Center, Inc.

Marion Goldstein, Research Associate, Education Development Center, Inc.

Ashley Lewis Presser, Senior Research Associate, Education Development Center, Inc.

Regan Vidiksis, Research Associate, Education Development Center’s Center for Children and Technology

Joshua L. Brown, Associate Professor, Fordham University

Donald Hernandez, Professor, Hunter College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York

Lisa Gennetian, Senior Research Scientistor, Institute for Human Development and Social Change, New York University

Lynn Cohen, Professor, LIU/Post

Michelle Maier, Research Associate, MDRC

Zoila Tazi, Associate Professor, Mercy College

Marjorie Rhodes, Assistant Professor, New York University

Fabienne Doucet, Associate Professor, New York University

Maia Connors, Doctoral Candidate, New York University

Erin O’Connor, Associate Professor, New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development

Barbara Schwartz, Associate Clinical Professor, New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and
Human Development

Bernice Reinharth, Ph.D, clinical psychologist, Private Practice

Patsy Cooper, Professor, Queens College, CUNY

Allison Friedman-Krauss, Doctoral Student, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development New York University

Jorge Saenz De Viteri, Early Childhood Education Specialist, STG International Inc.

Henry Levin, Teachers College, Columbia University

Susan Recchia, Professor, Teachers College, Columbia University

Sharon L. Kagan, Professor, Teachers College, Columbia University

Dina López, Assistant Professor, The City College of New York, CUNY

X. Christine Wang, Associate Professor, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

Maria Hantzopoulos, Assistant Professor of Education, Vassar College

Erin McCloskey, Associate Professor, Vassar College

Colette Cann, Assistant Professor, Vassar College

Donald J. Yarosz, Ed.D. Faculty, Walden University

Shira Mattera, Research Associate

Colleen Gibbons, Law Student

Chrishana M. Lloyd, Senior Research Associate

Cynthia Lamy, Researcher

Susan Ochshorn, Policy Researcher, ECE PolicyWorks

Abigail Jewkes, Associate Professor of Early Childhood Education, Saint John’s University

Alexandra Ursache, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Columbia University

Patsy Cooper, Associate Professor of Early Childhood Education, Queen’s College CUNY

Costas Meghir, Professor, Yale University

Karen McFadden, Assistant Professor, Brooklyn College, CUNY

Tatyana Kleyn, Assistant Professor, City College of New York

Monica Levy, Director, LeapSmart

Cristina Natale, Teacher, Queen’s College

Julie Barton, Children’s Center Coordinator

Liege Motta, Adjunct Professor, The City College of New York, CUNY

Renee Dinnerstein

Alexandra Miletta, Assistant Professor, Mercy College

Ellen Cerniglia, Associate Professor of Education, Touro College

Beverly Falk, Professor, The City College of New York

Sara Seiden, Lecturer, City University of New York

Joni Kolman, Assistant Professor, City College of New York, CUNY

Amy Snider, Professor, Pratt Institute

Fretta Reitzes, Director Wonderplay Early Learning Initiative, 92nd Street Y

Kathlene McDonald, Associate Professor, The City College of New York, CUNY

Robert Lubestsky, Associate Professor, City College of New York

Betsy Grob, Early Childhood Educational Specialist

Jennifer Gilken, Instructor, Borough of Manhattan Community College

Carol M. Gross, Instructor, Lehman College, City University of New York

Barbara Weiserbs, Associate Professor, Kingsborough Community College/CUNY

Florence Schneider, Professor

Laura Kates, Associate Professor, Kingsborough Community College of the City University of New York

Cecilia Espinosa, Professor

Sharon Prince, Lecturer, Kingsborough Community College, CUNY

Glenn Moller, Lecturer-ECE, Kingsborough Community College

Patricia Dangler, Assistant Director of Early Childhood Education, Rochester City School District

Stephanie Dockweiler, President, QS2 Training and Consulting

Anne Mitchell, President, Early Childhood Policy Research

North Carolina

Margaret Burchinal, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Ayrora Barker, Doctoral Student, University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Lisa Schell, Parent Educator, Burke Co. Public Schools

Diana Leyva, Assistant Professor, Davidson College

Kenneth Dodge, Professor, Duke University

Karen Appleyard Carmody, Assistant Professor, Duke University

Helen Ladd, Professor, Duke University

Clara Muschkin, Assistant Research Professor, Duke University

Mary Knight-McKenna, Associate Professor, Elon University

Sam Oertwig, Scientist, FirstSchool, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Sharon Ritchie, Senior Scientist, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Diane Early, Scientist, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Noreen Yazejian, Research Scientist, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Samuel L. Odom, Director, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Richard M Clifford, Senior Scientist Emeritus, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Sandra Soliday Hong, Fellow, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill

Robert Carr, Graduate Research Assistant, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Terri Barrett, Professor, Lenoir-Rhyne University

RM Schell, PhD, BCBA-D, Director of Psychology, Riddle Developmental Center

Anna Gassman-Pines, Assistant Professor, Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University

Sharon Palsha, Clinical Associate Professor of Early Childhood Education, School of Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Deborah J. Cassidy, Professor, University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Frances A, Campbell, Senior Scientist, University of NC at Chapel Hill

Danielle Crosby, Associate Professor of Human Development and Family Studies, University of North Carolina
at Greensboro

Pam Winton, Senior Scientist and Research Professor

Allison B Landy, State Programs Director

Jeff Rosenberg, Early Childhood Educator/Administrator

Edward Fiske, Education writer

Michael Little, Educational Analyst, RTI International

Betsy Burrows, Director of Teacher Education, Brevard College

Chih-Ing Lim, Investigator, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Tracey West, Investigator, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Camille Catlett, Scientist, FPG Child Development Center

Kate Gallagher, Scientist, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University or North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Anne Cash, Assistant Professor, College of Education, University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Eva C. Phillips, Ready Schools Coordinator, Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools

Ellen Peisner-Feinberg, Senior Scientist, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Holly Higgins Wilcher, Research Analyst and Professor

North Dakota

Kristen Votava, Graduate Director of Early Childhood Education,, University of North Dakota

Grace Onchwari, Associate Professor, University of North Dakota

Ohio

Laura Justice, College of Education and Human Ecology, The Ohio State University

Diana Lyon, Early Learning Coordinator, State Support Team Region 5

Sindhia Swaminathan, Graduate Student, Bowling Green State University

Eileen Anderson-Fye, Robson Associate Professor of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University

Karl Wheatley, Associate Professor, Cleveland State University

Dinah Volk, Professor, College of Education, Cleveland State University

Jaclyn M. Dynia, Senior Researcher, Crane Center for Early Childhood Research and Policy

Martha Lash, Associate Professor, Early Childhood Education, Kent State University

Kenneth Cushner, Professor, Kent State University

Belinda Zimmerman, Assistant Professor of Early Childhood Education and Literacy, Kent State University

Susan Mauck, Graduate Research Associate, Quantitative Research in Educational Studies Ohio State University

Jessica Logan, Research Scientist, The Ohio State University

Kelly Purtell, Assistant Professor, The Ohio State University

Victoria Carr, Associate Professor, University of Cincinnati

Mary A. Fristad, Professor

Helene Arbouet Harte, Assistant Professor, University of Cincinnati, Blue Ash College

Andrew Saultz, Assistant Professor, Miami University

Elizabeth Sailer, Educational Program Specialist, Ohio Department of Education

Christi Delloma, Middletown City Board of Education

Linda Jagielo, Professor

Oklahoma

Diane M. Horm, GKFF Endowed Chair, University of Oklahoma-Tulsa

Amy Williamson, Assistant Professr, University of Oklahoma

Jodie Riek, Doctoral Students/Early Childhood Education Instructor, Oklahoma State University

Oregon

Philip Fisher, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon

Ajay Singh, Research Scholar, Early Intervention Program, Department of Special Education & Clinical Sciences, University of Oregon

Laura Lee McIntyre, Professor, College of Education, University of Oregon

Beth Stormshak, Professor, College of Education, University of Oregon

Andy Garbacz, Assistant Professor, College of Education, University of Oregon

Andrew Mashburn, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Portland State University

Jacqueline Bruce, Research Scientist, Oregon Social Learning Center

Bridget Hatfield, Assistant Professor, Oregon State University

Megan McClelland, Katherine E Smith Healthy Children and Families Professor, Oregon State University

Leslie Leve, Professor, University of Oregon

Ilana Umansky, Assistant Professor, University of Oregon

John M Love, Independent Consultant, Retired

Amy Howell, Associate Professor, Central Oregon Community College

Hollie Hix-Small, Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Education, Portland State University

Christyn Dundorf, Instructor, Portland Community College

Eric Pakulak, Research Associate, University of Oregon

Pennsylvania

Karen Bierman, Department of Psychology, Penn State University

John Fantuzzo, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania

Vivian Gadsden, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania

Mark Greenberg, Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, Penn State University

Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek, Department of Psychology, Temple University

Shannon Wanless, School of Education, University of Pittsburgh
Richard Fiene, Retired HDFS/Psychology Professor, Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, Penn State University

Robert Nix, Research Associate, Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, Penn State University

Marsha Weinraub, Laura H. Carnell Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Temple University

Dominic Gullo, Professor of Early Childhood Education, Drexel University

David Bennett, Professor, Drexel University

Kara E. McGoey, PhD, Associate Professor, Duquesne University

Michael Robb, Director of Education and Research, Fred Rogers Center, St. Vincent College

Junlei Li, Professor, Fred Rogers Center, St. Vincent College

Brook Sawyer, Assistant Professor, Lehigh University

Kristin A Buss, Professor, Penn State University

Carolyn J. Griess, Lecturer, Penn State Harrisburg

Mark Feinberg, Research Professor, Penn State University

Sukhdeep Gill, Associate Professor, Penn State University

Suzy Scherf, Professor, Penn State University

Cristin Hall, Assistant Professor, Penn State University

Barbara Schaefer, Associate Professor of Education, Penn State University

Paul Morgan, Associate Professor of Education, Penn State University

Claudia Mincemoyer, Professor, Penn State University

Janet Welsh, Senior Research Associate, Penn State University

Keith Nelson, Professor, Penn State University

Cynthia Stifter, Professor, Penn State University

Lynn Hartle, Professor, The Penn State University, Brandywine

Gregory M. Fosco, Asistant Professor, The Pennsylvania State University

Cynthia Huang-Pollock, Associate Professor of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University

Amy Marshall, Associate Professor of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University

Ginger Moore, Associate Professor, The Pennsylvania State University

Toscha Blalock, Research Specialist, University of Pennsylvania, Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE)

Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal, Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh

Shannon Wanless, Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh

Afton Kirk, Graduate Student Researcher, University of Pittsburgh

Michelle Sobolak, School of Education, University of Pittsburgh

Anna Guerrero, Professor, University of Pittsburgh

Patricia Crawford, Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh

Cindy J. Popovich, Faculty Higher Education, University of Pittsburgh

Hila Lutz, Student

Ken Smythe-Leistico, Assistant Director

Roger D. Phillips, Developmental Psychologist & Evaluation Consultant, Independent Researcher/Evaluator

Erin Baumgartner, Doctoral Candidate, Pennsylvania State University

Tracy Larson, Assistant Director, Early Childhood Partnerships

Ameena Ghaffar-Kucher, Senior Lecturer, University of Pennsylvania

Jere Behrman, Professor, University of Pennsylvania

Glenna Crooks, Founder and CEO, SageLife, LLC

Jeanie Burnett, Professor of Education, Kutztown University of Pennsylvania

Michelle Neuman, Lecturer, University of Pennsylvania

Stephen Bagnato, Professor of Psychology & Pedatrics, University of Pittsburgh

Rhode Island

Lewis Lipsitt, Professor Emeritus of Psychology & Medical Science, Brown University

Paul Bueno de Mesquita, Professor, Center for Nonviolence & Peace Studies

Paul LaCava, Associate Professor, Rhode Island College

Susan Zoll, Assistant Professor and Director, Institute for Early Childhood Teaching and Learning, Rhode Island College

Judi Stevenson-Garcia, Education Specialist, Rhode Island Department of Education

South Carolina

Joe Waters, Vice President, Institute for Child Success

Doyle Stevick, Associate Professor, Educational Leadership and Policies, University of South Carolina

Susan Shi, Chair Emerita, Institute for Child Success

South Dakota

Andrew Stremmel, Professor, South Dakota State University

Gayle Bortnem, Professor, Northern State University

Gera Jacobs, Professor

Tennessee

Shelly Counsell, Assistant Professor of Early Childhood Education, College of Education, Health, and Human Sciences, University of Memphis

Shirley Raines, President Emeritus, University of Memphis

Brian Wright, Assistant Professor of Early Childhood Education

Mimi Engel, Assistant Professor, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University

David Dickinson, Professor, Vanderbilt University

Mary Louise Hemmeter, Professor, Vanderbilt University

Robin McWilliam, Director, Center for Child and Family Research

Martha Herndon, Professor, Child & Family Studies, University of Tennessee at Martin

Texas

Elizabeth Gershoff, School of Human Ecology, University of Texas

Aletha Huston, Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Texas at Austin

Elizabeth Beavers, Assistant Professor, University of Houston Clear Lake

Christopher Brown, Associate Professor, The University of Texas at Austin

Marni Axelrad, Associate Professor, Board Certified Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychologist, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital

Karin Price, Associate Professor, Baylor College of Medicine; Texas Children’s Hospital

Lauren Decker, Senior Researcher, Edvance Research, Inc.

Cynthia Osborne, Associate Professor, LBJ School of Public Affairs, UT Austin

Linda McSpadden McNeil, Professor, Rice University

Dena Buchalter, Licensed Specialist in School Psychology, Sheldon Independent School District

Jill A Smith, Assistant Professor, University of Houston-Clear Lake

Esther J. Calzada, Associate Professor, University of Texas at Austin

Susan Landry, Professor, University of Texas Houston Health Sciences Center

Juyin Helen Wong, Graduate Assistant, Texas A&M University

Jane Ann Brown, Program Coordinator Reading Intervention, Klein ISD

Preeti Jain, Assistant Professor of Early Childhood Education, University of Houston–Clear Lake

Arya Ansari, Graduate Student, University of Texas at Austin

Kimberly Cornwell, Director of Special Education Supports, University of Houston–Clear Lake

Rebecca Huss-Keeler, Associate Professor, University of Houston–Clear Lake

Angelica Herrera, Research Associate, SEDL

Hilda Medrano, Professor, The University of Texas Pan American

Jennifer Keys Adair, Assistant Professor, The University of Texas at Austin

Utah

Mark S. Innocenti, Director, Research & Evaluation, Center for Persons with Disabilities, Utah State University

Seung-Hee Son, Assistant Professor, Educational Psychology, University of Utah

Lori Roggman, Professor, Human Development, Utah State University

Ann M. B. Austin, Professor, Utah State University

Elisabeth Conradt, Assistant Professor, University of Utah

Vermont

Lori Erbrederis Meyer, Assistant Professor, University of Vermont

Dianna Murray-Close, Associate Professor, University of Vermont

Jeanne Goldhaber, Associate Professor Emerita, University of Vermont

Nancy Smith, Administrator

Virginia

Daphna Bassok, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia

Craig Ramey, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute

Chloe Gibbs, Assistant Professor, Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

Claire Cameron, Research Scientist, Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning, University of Virginia

Jason Downer, Research Associate Professor, Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning, University of Virginia

Jessica Whittaker, Research Assistant Professor, Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning,
University of Virginia

Sara Rimm-Kaufman, Professor, Center for the Advanced Study of Teaching & Learning, University of Virginia

Christine Harris-Van Keuren, Senior Research Scientist, Educational Policy Institute

Adam Winsler, Professor, Applied Developmental Psychology, George Mason University

Robert Pianta, Dean and Professor, University of Virginia

Amanda Williford, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia

Bridget Hamre, Research Associate Professor, University of Virginia

Eileen Merritt, Assistant Professor, University of Virginia

Jennifer LoCasale-Crouch, Research Assistant Professor, University of Virginia

Mable Kinzie, Professor, University of Virginia

Tina Stanton-Chapman, Associate Professor, University of Virginia

Lauren Stark, Research Assistant, University of Virginia

Amanda Schwartz, Educational Consultant

Sandy Wilberger, Co-Director, Virginia Commonwealth University Training and Technical Assistance Center

Sharon Raver-Lampman, Professor, Old Dominion University

Phyllis Mondak, Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University

Dorothy Sluss, Professor, James Madison University

Jen Newton, Assistant Professor, James Madison University

Cathy Bolen, ECSE Teacher, Bedford County

Mira Williams, Assistant Professor, James Madison University

Timothy Curby, Associate Professor, James Madison University

Mary Horsley, Teacher, Richmond Public Schools

Deana Buck, Program Leader, Early Childhood, Partnership for People with Disabilities at Virginia Commonwealth University

John Almarode, Department Head, Assistant Professor, James Madison University

Deborah Jonas, Chewning Research Fellow, Virginia Early Childhood Foundation

Dorothy Sluss, Professor, James Madison University

Washington

Marilyn Chu, Associate Professor, Western Washington University

Mark Jackson, Professor of Children, Youth & Family Studies, Trinity Lutheran College

Richard N Brandon, Director; Sr. Research Fellow (Retired), Human Services Policy Center, University of Washington

Holly Schindler, Assistant Professor, University of Washington

Kristie Kauerz, Research Assistant Professor, P-3 Policy and Leadership, University of Washington, College of Education

Carlos Anguiano, Graduate Student, Washington State University, Pullman

Christopher Blodgett, Director, Washington State University

Beck Taylor, President, Whitworth University

Susan Spieker, Professor, University of Washington

Gail Joseph, Associate Professor, University of Washington

Monica Oxford, Research Professor, University of Washington

Washington, D.C.

William Gormley, McCourt School of Public Policy, Georgetown University

Deborah Phillips, Department of Psychology, Georgetown University

Ruby Takanishi, New America Foundation

Emiliana Vegas, Education Division Chief, Inter-American Development Bank

Florencia Lopez Boo, Senior Economist, InterAmerican Development Bank

Mary Eming Young, Co-leader, Early Childhood Interventions, HCEO Institute for New Economic Thinking, University of Chicago

Harold Alderman, Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute

Laura Hawkinson, Researcher, American Institutes for Research

Taryn Morrissey, Assistant Professor, American University

Elaine Weiss, National Coordinator, Broader, Bolder Approach to Education

Emma Garcia, Economist, Economic Policy Institute

Cindy Hoisington, Learning and Teaching Division, Education Development Center, Inc.

Sandra Bishop-Josef, Researcher, Fight Crime: Invest in Kids

Maxine Freund, Associate Dean for Research & Professor, George Washington University School of Education

Sara Anderson, Postdoctoral Fellow, Georgetown University

Toby Long, Associate Professor, Georgetown University

Hakim Rashid, Professor, Howard University

Louisa Tarullo, Associate Director of Research, Mathematica Policy Research

Kimberly Boller, Senior Fellow, Mathematica Policy Research

Sally Atkins-Burnett, Senior Researcher, Mathematica Policy Research

Sandra Barrueco, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology, The Catholic University of America

Erica Greenberg, Research Associate, The Urban Institute

Ajay Chaudry, Author

Wai-Ying Chow, Research Scientist

Florencia Lopez Boo, Senior Economist

Erdal Tekin, Professor, American University

Kyle Snow, Senior Scholar and Director, Center for Applied Research, NAEYC

Yvette Murphy, Director of Advocacy & Outreach, Association for Childhood Education International

Banhi Bhattacharya, Director of Professional Development, Association for Childhood Education International

Diane Whitehead, Executive Director, Association for Childhood Education International

Ron Haskins, Senior Fellow and Cabot Family Chair of Economic Studies, Brookings Institution

Emily Vargas-Baron, Director, The RISE Institute

West Virginia
Melissa Sherfinski, Assistant Professor, West Virginia University

Wisconsin

Katherine Magnuson, School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin – Madison

Jessica Quindel, Assistant Principal, Milwaukee Public Schools

Beth Graue, Professor, Department of Curriculum & Instruction, University of Wisconsin Madison

Anneliese Dickman, Policy and Program Researcher, Penfield Children’s Center

Deborah McNelis, Early Childhood Brain Development Specialist, Brain Insights, LLC

Dipesh Navsaria, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin

Melissa McGaughey, Manager, Community Advocates Public Policy Institute

International

Ruth Churchill Dower, Director, Earlyarts, UK

Ximena Pena, Associate Professor, Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia

Diana Jarvis, Professor/Coordinator, Universidad de San Andrès. Ministerio de Educación CABA Argentina, Argentina

Soi Yee Kan, Lecturer, Malaysia

Kimberly Glasgow-Charles, Postgraduate Student, University of the West Indies, Jamaica

Bi Young Hu, Assistant Professor, University of Macau

Cecilia Lavena, Professor, Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina

Svante Persson, Senior Operations Specialist, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Panama

Simon Sommer, Head of Research, Jacobs Foundation, Switzerland

Leela Ramdeen, Education Consultant, Chair of Education Discussion Group, Trinidad

Maureen Samms-Vaughan, Professor of Child Health, Development and Behaviour, University of the West Indies, Jamaica

Lisa Ibrahim-Joseph, Education and Research Officer, Trinidad

Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Professor, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Mexico

Eric Kimathi, Researcher, Norway

Kassahun Weldemariam, Pedagogical Leader

Raquel Bernal, Professor, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Bente Jensen, Professor, University of Aarhus, Denmark

Scott Hughes, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Mount Royal University, Calgary, Canada

Ernesto Trevino, Center for Comparative Education Policies, Universidad Diego Portales, Chile

Steven Ludeke, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

Masatoshi Jimmy Suzuki, Associate Professor, Hyogo University of Teacher Education, Japan

Florrie Ng, Professor, Japan

Rebecca Chelimo, Lecturer, Kenya Institute of Special Education, Kenya

Noor Jung Shah, Lecturer, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Patrick McIver, Asst. Professor, Catholic University of Daegu, South Korea

Maregesi Machumu, Lecturer, Tanzania

Ana Sofia Leon Lince, Professor, Universidad Diego Portales, Chile

Niels Peter Rygaard, Psychologist & Researcher, Fairstart Global, Denmark

Sylvia Choo, Doctor, Department of Child Development, KK Women’s & Children’s Hospital, Singapore

Sebastián Lipina, Professor, Unidad de Neurobiología Aplicada, Argentina

Eric Atmore, Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Laxmi Paudyal, Manager, Kathmandu University, Nepal

Cecília Aguiar, Assistant Professor, ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal
Pam Lutze, South Africa
Carolyn Victoria Uy Ronquillo, Associate Professor, Woosong University, South Korea
Maresa Duignan, PhD, Ireland
Jessica Ball, Professor, University of Victoria, BC, Canada
Melina Furman, Assistant Professor, School of Education- Universidad de San Andrés- Argentina, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Juan Jose Llach, Professor, Universidad Austral, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Maria E. Podesta, Professor and Researcher, University of San Andrés, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Alejandra Cortazar, Professor, University Diego Portales, Chile
Bruno Raposo Ferreira, Research Assistant and PhD Student in Development Psychology, ISPA-IU, UIPCDE., Lisbon, Portugal
Orazio Attanasio, Professor, University College London and IFS, London, UK
Marta Rubio-Codina, Senior Research Economist, Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK
Kristell Le Martret, Project Coordinator, Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development, Quebec, Canada
Britta Augsberg,Research Economist, IFS, UK
Gabriella Conti, Assistant Professor, University College London, UK
Pedro Carneiro, University College London, UK
Torill Hindmarch, MA, OMEP Member, Akershus, Norway
Shahidullah Sharif, Researcher, Institute of Educational Development (IED), BRAC University, Bangladesh

Anyars Ibrahim, Doctoral Researcher, University of Warwick, UK, (Ghana)

Anastasia Misirli, Early Childhood Educator, Researcher, President of the Local Department of Patras of the O.M.E.P., 3rd Special Needs Preschool of Patras, University of Patras, Greece

Sharon Swartz, Teacher

Carmen Powell, Early Years Professional

Omar Anbar, Researcher

Carmen Emanuel, BAOBAB ECD, Republic of South Africa

Linda Bosman, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Sarah Cattan, Senior Research Economist, UK

Ron Spreeuwenberg, CEO, HiMama, Canada

Selvaraj Gabriel, Early Childhood Educator, Association of Early Childhood Educators, India

Becky Chun, Lecturer, Belize

Javier Saenz Core, Content Curator, Early Childhood Development Community, Bahia Blanca, Argentina

Charles Pascal, Professor, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Naznin Dhanani, Consultant, CMAS Canada, Canada

Amina Abubakar, Research Fellow, Lancaster University, UK

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